January 7, 2022
By Sanam Junejo
Full article available on Indus Earth Trust
The journey from Corona to Environmental Pollution Reduction
After a long time, when the faces of many cities became clear, the Corona epidemic began to look more like an environmental messiah, where many lives were lost, and it became possible to provide a beautiful environment for millions of people. For a moment I think of sacrificing the lives of millions of people, or standing on a high cliff to thank God for providing a beautiful and clean environment for life, and clapping loudly. Will give and make a lot of things but when they come out in the air and breathe in the clear air they will clap with me and I am sure this world will one day call all the people who are the victims of this epidemic Hunted and because of which the faces of many cities became visible decades later.
According to experts, water consumption in the industrial sector has almost come down due to lack of activity in industries during the Corona epidemic, hotels and health clubs are not working at full capacity, therefore water use has been reduced. People have become more efficient with water at home than in hotels and restaurants, and this saving of water has been used in the agricultural sector, which has led to a significant improvement in climate change. According to experts, the lack of demand for fuel for factories and travel has also led to a significant reduction in epidemics as it is the biggest cause of fuel fog. Lahore and Karachi are among the cities most affected by water pollution in Pakistan. Fuel pollution In addition to its effects on animals and insects, wildlife, fuel pollution can make water unsuitable for irrigation and damage the irrigation sector.
The usefulness of forests cannot be denied as they have been a blessing for human beings from the very beginning. Since then, as the human population has grown, so have its necessities of life. We are talking about the system of nature. Part of this system of nature is the beauty of nature and in order to maintain this beauty of nature, Allah Almighty has created trees at the place where He created other accessories. Destroying this system of nature by growing flowers and vegetables is very dangerous for human beings. Whenever we take a closer look at the trees, the whole world looks like a wilderness. If we look at the world map, we will find that the countries in the world that suffer the most poverty are the ones where there are no forests or very little. These are the countries that are most affected by climate change. There are many examples before us from which we can learn and sustain this gift of nature Can keep These trees keep the climate reasonable and provide an unparalleled environment for human beings. These trees are also affected by climate change and the biggest reason for deforestation is water scarcity in our country. Due to this deforestation is taking place and there are many countries that consider water scarcity as the cause of climate change. In this regard, the world is facing global warming and other meteorological challenges. The most effective way to reduce these challenges is to make the best use of water. Whenever there is an energy crisis, especially when kerosene and coal are not available for burning, then trees are of use to us and so are our stoves. Another disadvantage is that if there are no trees, we can burn dung as fuel. Dung is commonly used in the fields as a fertilizer for agricultural production I increase. Lack of trees deprives us of additional agricultural produce. The state of the world created by the energy crisis in the last few years cannot be easily forgotten and to cope with such conditions in the future, scientists are thinking about how the oceans and trees can overcome the energy crisis. Can be found and how to get energy from trees.
If seen, the tree is not a gift of nature but a miracle of nature. Every part of it, from the tip of the leaf to the tip of the root, is useful in one way or another, and its importance is second to none. He operates under a strange system of nature, the sole purpose of which is to serve humanity. Despite such advances, the world is still unaware of the many benefits of trees. Let's pledge to do something for these wonderful gifts of nature and faithful companions. Don't let them complain to us in the end that we didn't support them.
Amjad Jamal, a communications specialist at the International Water Management Institute, points out that the Corona epidemic is having a positive effect on climate change. He said there were also some adverse effects of the Corona epidemic, such as increased home delivery and increased online shopping during the lockdown, which required a lot of plastic packaging and retailers. Has once again started using plastic bags instead of paper bags which are the biggest cause of epidemics. Amjad Jamal said that during the Corona epidemic, the production of surgical masks, body bags, protective equipment, and gloves increased to a record level. All this waste is a very difficult step to dispose of. Even if this waste is not disposed of properly, it will become a huge challenge that will have a direct impact on the environment. He said that 8 million tons of garbage would fall into the sea every year And this rate is increasing with each passing year. However, future climate change will have a profound effect on many fronts. We should make every effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions on a large scale and reduce global warming to a limited extent, which will help to reduce the risk of rising temperatures, rainfall, and various diseases. ۔
Mark Smith, director-general of the International Water Management Institute, says there is more pressure on global water security than ever before. Pressure on water resources is changing - as population growth reduces per capita availability of freshwater, he said increasing demand for water for agriculture and urban sprawl will also increase water demand. "Yes, the wastewater we waste can be put to use," he said. No more important or more necessary. Smith said that Pakistan and the Indus Basin face the same challenges, a journey of change must begin for water management in Pakistan - to protect the poor and disadvantaged communities and all the people of Pakistan.
Dr. Mohsin Hafeez, Country Representative of IWMI, said that Pakistan would face water scarcity by 2035, especially in the context of climate change. COVID-19 also stressed the importance of strengthening the flexibility of the water supply system to redouble Pakistan's efforts to achieve its goal of becoming a high-middle-income country in 2047, on the occasion of its centenary. Need He said that development investments and policies need to be communicated through research, not assumptions. It doesn't matter how understandable those assumptions are.
Dr. Mohsin Hafeez said that the best international scientific method provides guidance for future investments so that more flexible water and groundwater solutions can be developed for the climate in the Indus Basin. She said there should also be a focus on digital innovation, climate-resilient solutions, nature-based solutions, and the role of women leadership and media in the water context. Identifying practices should identify sustainable water management strategies in light of climate change.